You will need: Raspberry Pi, SD card, USB stick, the Internet, basic understanding of ‘nano’ (ctrl + x, then y to save and quit is pretty much enough)
Estimated duration: 30 minutes
Click/tap image to enlarge
This is a reproduction of an excellent guide from paulv. I’ve condensed and reproduced it here to incorporate into a larger guide (coming soon).
In most cases, this should help to speed the Pi up a little. Either way, it should definitely help to prevent your SD card becoming corrupt.
Let’s get started.
1. Grab yourself the latest copy of Raspbian
Download the latest Raspbian image from raspberrypi.org/downloads, and write it to your SD card. If you’re on Linux (or Mac OS X), run the following in Terminal:
sudo dd if=path_of_your_image.img of=/dev/diskn bs=1m
When it’s finished, pop it into the Raspberry Pi and power up.
Don’t put your USB stick in yet.
2. Configure the Pi
SSH into the Pi and run the configuration utility:
Click/tap image to enlarge
Change only the following settings:
- User password (for security, you should always change this).
- Overclock (use ‘Turbo’ mode, it’s covered by your warranty)
- Memory split (allocate 16M for GPU)
Finish. Reboot. Crack on.
Once it’s rebooted, plugin your USB stick and run:
At the end of the output, you should see a few references to sdx, where x is unique to your USB stick. If you only have one in, it’s most likely sda, in which case you can find the stick at:
If yours is different, modify the following commands to apply to your situation.
3. Migrate to the USB stick
fdisk on the USB stick:
sudo fdisk /dev/sda
Delete the existing partitions:
Create a new partition:
Change anything you want, or just press return to each question to set defaults (I did). Then write the changes:
Once they’re all written, format the drive:
sudo mke2fs -t ext4 -L rootfs /dev/sda1
Then mount the drive:
sudo mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
Now, edit fstab to disable the SD card’s main partition (not boot) and enable the USB stick:
sudo nano /etc/fstab
# in front of
/dev/mmcblk0p2 and add a line for
/dev/sda1. It should look something like this:
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0 /dev/sda1 / ext4 defaults,noatime 0 1 /dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot vfat defaults 0 2 #/dev/mmcblk0p2 / ext4 defaults,noatime 0 1 # a swapfile is not a swap partition, so no using swapon|off from here on, use dphys-swapfile swap[on|off] for that
Now copy everything over to the USB stick:
sudo rsync -axv / /mnt
This’ll take around 15 minutes. Stick the kettle on. When it’s finished, backup and edit cmdline.txt:
sudo cp /boot/cmdline.txt /boot/cmdline.bak
Now, edit it to point to your USB stick and add a 5 second delay:
sudo nano /boot/cmdline.txt
/dev/sda1 and add
rootdelay=5 at the end (mine looks like this):
dwc_otg.lpm_enable=0 console=ttyAMA0,115200 kgdboc=ttyAMA0,115200 console=tty1 root=/dev/sda1 rootfstype=ext4 elevator=deadline rootwait rootdelay=5
That’s it! Save the file and reboot. You should be running from your USB stick:
To make sure you are, run:
The size of
rootfs should reflect your USB stick’s size. If it does, congratulations! You’re all set. If something went wrong, I recommend you peruse the comments on paulv’s original write up.
In fact, I highly recommend you pop over there and leave a thank you message anyway.
The last thing to do is run:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade -y sudo apt-get autoremove
To update everything.
Following “how to run Ghost effectively from a Raspberry Pi?”
Next tutorial: How to set up node.js on a Raspberry Pi
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